The aim of this report is to identify and analyze the main barriers that affect the transformation of a city to a Smart City and subsequent good practice in overcoming these barriers.
This paper investigates the main obstacles in the normative, administrative, financial and regulatory fields to deploy in an appropriate manner the planned interventions.
This document has largely developed the identification of non-technical barriers by separating on one side, cross cutting barriers (the Governance, Public Procurement processes, legal matters and financial issues) and on the other, the more specific barriers concerning energy intervention or low energy districts, mobility and ICT platforms. Much information has been collected from the five main participating cities. The methodology used has been to unify those common elements in our cities or/and countries, when possible, and highlighting in a separate way those issues that represent a handicap for -each city or country- in an isolated manner when matters should be treated separately because of legislation, territorial organization or merely innovative culture.
Besides it is collected good practices and possible solutions to facilitate knowledge transfer and mutual learning. More precisely, 8 good practices have been identified, in “e-mobility” and “energy” fields representing successful experiences which deserve to be shared in accordance with the project partners’ contributions. A special section has been devoted to the adoption of recommendations.
This deliverable serves as well as a basis to develop proposals for adapting or optimizing the policy and regulatory frameworks in order to enhance sustainable development in urban areas. The aim is to arrive to a successful implementation of large-scale projects not limited to the demonstrator and follower cities and European Commission. Only the knowledge of the difficulties that occur and proposing alternatives and solutions can lead us to build a real, suitable and adapted sustainable urban development.
It is worth emphasizing that this Deliverable is not a theoretical document but a living example that reflects not only the current status of interventions but the concerns of the partners. In this regard, the paper will be a good guide for undertaking future works.
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This project has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 646511